The Change of Wear Element in Engine Lubricating Oil in Diesel Engines Us-ing Biofuel

Ayşe Betül Balcı, Hakan Okyay Mengeş


In this study, terebinth methyl ester (biodiesel), diesel and bioethanol fuels were mixed in different ratios volumetrically.  The obtained fuel mixtures, EB1D1 (2.5% bioethanol + 2.5% biodiesel + 95% diesel), EB2D2 (2.5% bioethanol + 5% biodiesel + 92.5% diesel), EB3D3 (2.5% bioethanol + 7.5% biodiesel + 90% diesel), and D100 (diesel) fuel were tested in a four-stroke and single cylinder diesel engine. Engine tests were performed in 100 hours for each fuel type and samples were taken from the engine lubricating oil at different time periods during the tests (0, 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100 hours). Wear element (Al, Fe, Pb, Cu, Cr) analyzes were performed on the samples. Wear element data of fuel mixtures lubricating oil were compared to diesel fuel. Wear element changes in lubricating oil were investigated.

As a result of the study, the best result was obtained from EB3D3 fuel in the change of wear element in the engine lubricating oil compared to diesel fuel.


Biodiesel, Bioethanol, Engine Lubricating Oil, Wear Element

Full Text:



Agarwal AK, Bijwe J, Das LM (2003). Wear assess-ment in a biodiesel fueled compression ignition en-gine, Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 125, 820-826.

Anonymous (2009). Super star diesel engine operation and maintenance manual, İstanbul.

Anonymous (2011a). Motor vehicle technology, Au-tomotive periodic maintenance, T.C. Ministry of Education, Ankara.

Anonymous (2011b). Rail systems teknology, diesel engine lubricating systems, T.C. Ministry of Educa-tion, Ankara.

Anonymous (2017a). ICP – MS (visit date: 15.02.2017).

Anonymous (2017b). Lubrication engineers the oil analysis program, (visit date: 10.02.2017).

Aydın F, Öğüt H (2017). The effect of E-B diesel fuel blends on engine lubricating oil in a single cylinder diesel engine, International Journal of Automotive Engineering and Technologies, vol.6, Issue 3, pp 129-139

Avcı A (2009). Oil drain ınterval analysis of 6 diesel light duty commercial vehicles servicing for a parcel service firm in Turkey, Master Thesis, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science of Yıldız Technical University, İstanbul

Balcı AB (2017). Investigation for effects of bioethanol and terebinth biodiesel blends wıth diesel to performance, exhaust emissions and lubricating oil in diesel engine, Ph.D thesis, The Graduate School of Natural Science of Selçuk University, Konya

Gökalp B, Saraç Hİ, Çelik C (2007). Destruction anal-ysis depend on the wearing with oil analysis pro-gram, Prooceedings of 8 th International Fracture Conference, 7 - 9 November, İstanbul, pp 651-664.

Kurre SK, Garg R, Pandey S (2017). A review of biofuel generated contamination, engine oil degradation and engine wear. Biofuels, 8(2), 273-280.

Lukas M, Anderson DP (1998). Laboratory used oil analysis methods, Lubrication Engineering, 54 (11), 19-23.

Müjdeci S (2009). Experimental analysis of the effect of commercial oil additives on friction, wear and engine performance in an internal combustion en-gine, Ph.d. Thesis, The Graduate School of Natural and Applied Science of Yıldız Technical University, İstanbul

Temizer İ, Eskici B (2019). Analysis of engine oil and piston rings as a result of using canola oil methyl ester / diesel fuel ın an ınternal combustion diesel engine, Afyon Kocatepe University Journal of Sci-ence and Engineering, 19 (2019), 025901 (449-460)

Özçelik AE (2011). Determination of the effect of safflower biodiesel and ıts blends with diesel fuel on lubricating oil in a single cylinder diesel engine, Ph.d. Thesis, The Graduate School of Natural Science of Selçuk University, Konya



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Lisansı
Bu eser Creative Commons Alıntı-GayriTicari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.