Optimal sowing times and irrigation schedule of the chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) in semi-arid regions

Ali Fuat Tarı, Barış Bahçeci

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of different sowing times and irrigation schedules on seed yield and water use of chickpea in Central Anatolia's semi-arid conditions. For two years, field trials were conducted using a split-block trial design with three replications. The study addressed two sowing times as well as five irrigation treatments. While the effect of sowing time on grain yield varied by year, the effect of irrigation on grain yield was significant for both sowing times. At both sowing times, the three irrigation treatments (flowering, pod set, and pod filling) produced the highest grain yield. The efficiency of water use was higher in late sowing than in early sowing. While plant water consumption increased during the early sowing period, the amount of irrigation water decreased. The seasonal yield response factor early sowing, on the other hand, was lower than in late sowing.


Keywords


Chickpea; Irrigation; Sowing Time; Irrigation Schedule

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abraham T, Sharma UC, Thenua, OVS, Shivakumar BG (2010). Effect of levels of irrigation and fertility on yield and economics of chickpea (Cicer ari-etinum) and Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) un-der sole and intercropping systems. Indian Journal of Agricultural Science, 80:372–376

Amiri SR, Deihimfard R, Soltani A (2016). A Single Supplementary Irrigation Can Boost Chickpea Seed Yield and Water Use Efficiency in Arid and Semiarid Conditions: A Modeling Study, Agronomy J. Vol. 108 No. 6, p. 2406-2416

Bray T (2002). Irrigated chickpea management, Pulse Australia South-East,

http://www.pulseaus.com.au›app›media›crops

Calcagno FG, Gallo J, Raimonda G, Venora MJ (1987). Early sowing to increase and stabilize chickpea crop in hot dry environments. ENED La Coltura del Cece in Italia. 130-131.

FAO-STAT (2015). Statistical data-base.http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC/visualize (Accessed: 28.01.2017) http://faostat3.fao.org/browse/Q/*/E

Howell TA (2001). Enhancing water use efficiency in irrigated agriculture. Agron.J. 93(2):281–289

Güngör H (1980). Eskişehir koşullarında nohut su üketimi, Köyhizmetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, Genel yayın no :159. Rapor Serisi no :118, Eskişehir

Günbatılı F (1986). Tokat Kazova ve Zile ovalarında nohudun su tüketimi, Köyhizmetleri Araştırma En-stitüsü müdürlüğü, Genel yayın no :79, Rapor Serisi no :49, Tokat

Jalota SK, Sood A, Harman WL (2006). Assessing the Response of Chickpea (Cicer aeritinum L.) Yield to Irrigation Water on Two Soils in Punjab (India): A Simulation Analiysis Using the CROPMAN Model. Agricultural Water Management 79: 312-320.

James LG (1988). Principles of Farm Irrigation System Design. John Willey andSons Inc., New York, p. 453.

Kayıtmazbatır N (1978). Konya Ovasında Yetiştirilecek Nohut Çeşitleri, Köyhizmetleri Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, Genel yayın no :66. Konya

Lende N, Patil H (2017). Irrigation management on growth, yield and quality of chickpea (Cicer ari-etinum L.) Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phyto-chemistry 2017; 6(5): 528-533

Leport L, Turner NC, French RJ, Tennant D, Thomson BD,

Siddique KHM (1998). Water relations, gas ex-change and growth of cool-season seed legumes in a Mediterranean-type environment. European Journal of Agronomy 9:295–303.

Leport L, Turner NC, French RJ, Barr MD, Duda R, Davies SL, Tennant D, Siddique KHM. (1999). Physiological responses of chickpea genotypes to terminal drought in a Mediterranean-type environ-ment. European Journal of Agronomy 11:279–291

Leport L, Turner NC, Davies SL Siddique KHM (2006). Variation in pod production and abortion among chickpea cultivars under terminal drought. European Journal of Agronomy, 24:236–246.

Mansur CP, Palled YB, Halikatti SI, Chetti MB, Sali-math PM (2010). Effect of dates of sowing and irri-gation levels on biometric growth parameters of kabuli chickpea. Karnataka Journal of Agricultur-al Sciences 23:566–569.

Munirathnam P, Sangita MS (2009). Influence of sow-ing dates and irrigations on growth and yield of chickpea. Legume Research 32:209–211.

Oweis T, Hachum A, Pala M (2004). Water use efficiency of winter-sown chickpea under supple-mental irrigation in a mediterranean environment, Agricultural Water Management 66 (2)15, p163-179

Pramanik SC, Singh NB, Singh KK (2009). Yield, eco-nomics and water use efficiency of chickpea (Cicer arietinum) under various irrigation regimes on raised bed sowing system [Indian Journal of Agronomy 54(3):315-318 ·]

Poma I, Sarno R, Noto F, Zora D (1990). Effetti dell’epoca di semina sulle caratteristiche quali-quantitative di genotipi di cece. L’Informatore Agrario 40: 47-52.

Saxena, MC, Silim SN, Singh KB (1990) Effect of supplementary irrigation during reproductive growth on winter and spring chickpea (Cicer ari-etinum) in a Mediterranean environment. The Journal of Agricultural Science 114, 285–293.

Singh G, Sekhon HS, Sharma P (2011). Effect of irri-gation and biofertilizer on water use, nodulation, growth and yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Arch. Agronomy and Soil Sci., 57: 715-726

Singh G, Ram H, Aggarwal N, Turner NC (2016). Irrigation of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) increases yield but not water productivity. Experimental Agri., 52: 1-13.

TÜİK (2018). Türkiye Istatistik Kurumu verileri, http//data.tuik.gow.tr

Turner NC, Abbo S, Berger JD, Chaturvedi SK, French RJ, Ludwig C, Mannur DM, Singh SJ, Yadava HS (2006). Osmotic adjustment in chickpea (Cicer ari-etinum L.) results in no yield benefit under terminal drought. Journal of Experimental Botany,58:187–194.

Ugale NS, Shinde SH, Jadav VT (2000). Response of chickpea cv. ‘Vijay’ to field layouts and irrigation depths. Journal of Maharashtra Agricultural Uni-versity, 25 (1) : 79-80.

Yılmaz Cİ (2011). Damla Yöntemiyle Uygulanan Farklı Sulama Stratejilerinin Kışlık ve Yazlık Ekilen Nohut Bitkisinin Verim ve Su Kullanım Randımanına Etkileri, Tarımsal Yapılar Ve Su-lama Anabilim Dalı, Çukurova Üniversitesi Fen Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yüksek Lisans Tezi

Yurtsever N (1984). Deneysel İstatistik Metotlar, To-prakGübre Araştırma Enstitüsü Müdürlüğü, Genel yayın no: 56 Ankara

Zhang H, Pala M, Oweis T, & Harris H. (2000). Water use and water use efficiency of chickpea in a Mediterranean environment, Crop and Pasture Science, 51(2):295-304 · DOI: 10.1071/AR99059


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons Lisansı
Bu eser Creative Commons Alıntı-GayriTicari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.