Sıvı Ahır Gübresi Dağıtma Makinalarında Farklı Uygulayıcıların Azot Kaybına Etkisi

Osman Özbek, Mustafa Konak

Abstract


Bu çalışmada, farklı uygulayıcılar ile sıvı ahır gübresi uygulamasının, amonyak azotu kaybı üzerine etkileri ortaya konulmuştur. Denemelerde prototip bir sıvı gübre enjeksiyon makinesi kullanılmıştır. Deneme tesadüf parselleri deneme desenine göre üç tekerrürlü olarak tertip edilmiştir. Bu amaçla denemeler, sıvı ahır gübresi dağıtma makinesine ait üç farklı ayak tipi (kazayağı-I, kazayağı-II ve dar uçlu) ve üç faklı enjeksiyon derinliği (5, 12.5 ve 20 cm) kombinasyonlarından oluşmaktadır.

Bu çalışmayla sıvı ahır gübresinin toprağa enjeksiyon şeklinde uygulanması yapılmış ve uygulamalardan meydana gelen azot kayıpları %4.7 - 11.9 arasında değişim gösterirken, amonyak azotu kaybını etkileyen önemli unsurlardan olan risk faktörü (Fr) 10 - 41.5 mm arasında ve risk faktörüne bağlı olarak hesaplanan gübre buharlaşma indeksi (Im) de %10...83 arasında değişim gösterdiği tespit edilmiştir.

Henüz ülkemizde yeterince kullanım alanı bulunmayan sıvı ahır gübresi dağıtma makinelerinin, kazayağı-I ayak tipiyle ve 12.5 cm ve daha büyük enjeksiyon derinliklerinde (A1D2 ve A1D3) başarıyla kullanılabileceği saptanmış ve sıvı ahır gübresinden faydalanma koşulları ortaya konulmuştur.

Keywords


Sıvı ahır gübresi, Azot kaybı, Gübre buharlaşma indeksi, Risk faktörü

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15316/SJAFS.2017.0

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