The Effect of Knife Clearance on the Machine Performance in Disc Type Silage Machines

Mustafa Ahmed Al-Sammarraie, Osman Özbek

Abstract


In this study, active knife and fixed knife of single-row disc silage machine has three different clearance C1, C2 and C3 (1, 3 and 5 mm) and it is tried in three different working speed V1, V2  and V3 (1.8, 2.5 and 3.7 km / h) and PTO speed (540 min-1) and machine's fuel consumption (l/h), average power consumption (kW), field energy consumption (kW/da), product energy consumption (kW/t), field working capacity (da/h), product  working capacity (t/h) and Chopping size distribution characteristics of the fragmented material were determined. 

It has been found that knife-counter knife clearances smaller than 3 mm
(1 mm) and larger (5 mm) have a negative effect on machine performance in general. In terms of fuel and power consumptions, the most suitable combination of work was C2V1, and in terms of field-product energy consumption, C2V3 combination was found to be optimal. The highest field-product working capacity was achieved at the V3 working speed. In terms of silage mincer size, all working combinations gave the appropriate shredding length distribution; especially the 1st knife-counter knife clearance (1 mm) was determined to give a more suitable Chopping size distribution in terms of animal feeding. In the second clearance (3mm), both the energy consumption and the Chopping size distribution were positive.

Keywords


Silage machine, Working speed, Knife-counter knife clearance, Field-product energy consumption, Fuel consumption

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15316/SJAFS.2019.159

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