Extending the Postharvest Quality of Peach Fruits by Salicylic Acid and MAP Treatments

Ferhan K. Sabır, Sevil Unal, Mays Talal Kadhim Maadheedi, Israa Mohammed Mahdi Mahdi


Postharvest salicylic acid (SA) treatments can decrease the fungal decay of horticultural crops by affecting the ethylene biosynthesis and inducing the systemic resistance during cold storage. In the present study, effects of SA and modified atmosphere packages (MAP) on the  postharvest quality maintenance of fruits of peach cv ‘J. H. Hale’ were investigated. After harvest at commercial maturity, half lot of each of the fruits was subjected to 1 mM SA for 5 min and was packed with or without MAP. The remaining lot was not subjected to SA but was also stored with or without MAP. All the fruits were stored at 1°C and 90% relative humidity for 60 d. Weight loss, color of flesh and skin, firmness, total soluble solid, titratable acidity, total phenolic and total antioxidant analyses were performed with 15 d intervals to compare the effectiveness of treatments. SA treatment had positive influences on theof  postharvest quality maintenance of the fruits. In pParticularly, the combined use of SA and MAP was more effective than their individual use ion maintaining the firmness of the fruits, delaying the biochemical changes in thewith flesh and alterations in the skin color than their single use.


Peach, SA, MAP, Postharvest, Quality

Full Text:



Asghari M & Aghdam MS (2010). Impact of salicylic acid on post-harvest physiology of horticultural crops. Trends in Food Science & Technology 21(10): 502-509.

Awad RM (2013). Effect of post-harvest salicylic acid treatments on fruit quality of peach cv." Flordaprince" during cold storage. Australian Jour-nal of Basic and Applied Sciences 7(7): 920-927.

Bal E (2016). Combined treatment of modified at-mosphere packaging and salicylic acid improves postharvest quality of nectarine (Prunus persica L.) fruit. Journal of Agrıcultural Science and Tech-nology 18: 1345-1354

Benzie IFF & Strain JJ (1996). The ferric reducing abil-ity of plasma (FRAP) as a measure of “antioxi-dantpower”, The FRAP assay Analytical Biochem-istry 239: 70-76.

Cemeroğlu B (2007),Gıda Analizleri, Gıda Teknoloji Derneği Yayınları, No:34 s:78-88.

Erkan M, Karaşahin Yıldırım, I, Pekmezci M (2017). Paketleme evi uygulamaları ve derim sonrası işlem-ler (Ed. Türk, R., Güneş, N.T. Erkan, M., Koyuncu, M.A.). Bahçe Ürünlerinin Muhafazası ve Pazara Hazırlanması. Somtad Yayınları Ders Kitabı s. 185-224

FAO (2019). Production statistics http://www.fao.org/faostat/en/#data/QC. (access date:28.04.2019)

Farooq S, Mir MM, Ganai SA, Maqbool T, Mir SA, Shah MA (2018). Postharvest biology and technol-ogy of peach. In Mir S, Shah M, Mir M (Eds) Post-harvest Biology and Technology of Temperate Fruits Springer, Cham., pp. 169-199.

Khademi Z, Ershadi A (2013). postharvest application of salicylic acid improves storability of peach (Prunus persica cv. Elberta) fruits. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences 5(6): 651.

Lu X, Sun D, Li Y, Shi W & Sun G (2011). Pre- and Post-harvest salicylic acid treatments alleviate in-ternal browning and maintain quality of winter pineapple fruit. Scientia Horticulturae 130: 97-101.

Lurie S & Crisosto CH (2005). Chilling injury in peach and nectarine. Postharvest Biology and Technolo-gy 37: 195-208.

McGuire RG (1992). Reporting of objective color measurements. HortScience 27 (12): 1254-1255.

Moreno JJ, Cerpa-Caldero F, Cohen SD, Fang Y, Qian M, Kennedy JA. (2008). Effect of postharvest de-hydration on the composition of Pinot Noir grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) and wine. Food Chemistry 109(4): 755-762.

Ranjbaran E, Sarikhani H, Bakhshi D, Mehrdad P. (2011). Investigation of salicylic acid application to reduce postharvest losses in stored ‘Bidaneh Ghermez’ table grapes. International Journal of Fruit Science 11: 430-439.

Sabır FK (2017). Erikte Salisilik Asit Uygulamalarının Soğukta Depolama Süresince Kalite Değişimlerine Etkisi. Meyve Bilimi 1 (Özel Sayı): 40-45.

Sayyari M, Babalar M, Kalantari S, Serrano M, Valero D (2009). Effect of salicylic acid treatment on re-ducing chilling injury in stored pomegranates. Post-harvest Biology and Technology 53: 152-154.

Sharma S, Sharma RR (2016). Impact of staggered treatments of novel molecules and ethylene absor-bents on postharvest fruit physiology and enzyme activity of ‘Santa Rosa’ plums. Scientia Horticul-turae 198: 242-248

Singleton VL, Orthofer R, Lamuela-Ravento RM (1999). Analysis of total phenols and other oxida-tion substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent. In L. Packer (Eds) Methods in enzymology. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, 299: 152-315.

Thaipong K, Boonprakob U, Crosby K, Cisneros ZL, Byrne DH (2006). Comparison of ABTS, DPPH, FRAP and ORAC assays for estimating antioxidant activity from guava fruit extracts. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 19: 669-675.

Wang L, Chen S, Kong W, Li S, Archbold DD (2006). Salicylic acid pretreatment alleviates chilling injury and affects the antioxidant system and heat shock proteins of peaches during cold storage. Posthar-vest Biology and Technology 41: 244-251.

Yenici A. & Akbudak, B (2014). ‘Elegant Lady’ şeftali çeşidinde hasat sonrası farklı uygulamaların mu-hafaza süresi ve meyve kalitesi üzerine etkisi. VI. Bahçe Ürünlerinde Muhafaza ve Pazarlama Sem-pozyumu 22-25 Eylül 2014, Bursa, 178-186.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15316/SJAFS.2019.160


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons Lisansı
Bu eser Creative Commons Alıntı-GayriTicari-Türetilemez 4.0 Uluslararası Lisansı ile lisanslanmıştır.